Web recursos para o ensino

 Resource for Urban Design Information (RUDI) 

An independent unbiased service, the Resource for Urban Design Information (RUDI) is the largest web resource dedicated to urban design and placemaking. RUDI commissions, researches and creates materials for professionals in the public and private sector. As part of a value-added membership service, we also identify and provide immediate access to significant studies, guidance, best practice and other documents contributed by professional and government bodies, practitioners, academics and community organisations.
RUDI was created in 1996 as a joint project under the UK's eLib (Electronic Libraries) Programme, set up following a review of university libraries by the UK Higher Education Funding Councils. Supported by a panel of independent editorial advisors, RUDI offers a unique combination of publishing expertise, practising professionals and academics and features more than 5,000 documents, 20,000 pages and more than 9,000 images.

 

CERTU Centre d’Etudes sur les réseaux, les transports, l’urbanisme et les constructions publiques 

Le Centre d’études sur les réseaux, les transports, l’urbanisme et les constructions publiques est chargé de conduire des études dans le domaine des réseaux urbains, des transports, de l’urbanisme et des constructions publiques, pour le compte de l’État ou au bénéfice des collectivités locales, établissements publics ou entreprises chargés de missions de service public ou des professions en cause. … Il contribue, par ses activités de statistiques, d’enquêtes, d’études, d’expertises, d’expérimentation et d’innovation technologique, de production de logiciels, de publication d’ouvrages techniques et méthodologiques, de formation et d’information, au progrès des connaissances et des savoir-faire et à leur diffusion. Il participe également au développement des échanges d’expériences et à la promotion des techniques françaises à l’étranger. Dans son champ d’activités, il contribue à l’élaboration de la normalisation et de la réglementation technique ainsi qu’à la mise en œuvre des autres actions de l’État.

 

Programme interministériel d’Histoire et d’Evaluation des Villes Nouvelles Françaises 

La politique des villes nouvelles a été mise en œuvre, à l'origine, pour absorber une part significative de la croissance démographique des grandes métropoles : Paris, bien-sûr, entouré de cinq villes nouvelles (Cergy-Pontoise, Marne-la-Vallée, Sénart, Evry et Saint-Quentin en Yvelines), mais aussi Lille (avec Villeneuve d'Ascq), Lyon (avec l'Isle d'Abeau), Marseille (avec les Rives de l'Etang de Berre) et Rouen (avec le Vaudreuil, devenu en partie Val de Reuil). Les villes nouvelles avaient ainsi la vocation d'organiser un développement urbain qui se faisait de manière mal maîtrisée. Elles poursuivaient trois idées forces : le polycentrisme, la lutte contre les grands ensembles et la recherche de la mixité sociale.
Au-delà des chiffres impressionnants confirmant que les neuf villes nouvelles accueillent aujourd'hui plus d'un million habitants et 400.000 emplois, ce sont de véritables pôles urbains qu'il faut considérer. Mais comment rendre compte, dans une base documentaire, de trente ans de planification, illustrant les motivations initiales, les méthodes d'action et les résultats obtenus pour chacune des neuf villes nouvelles ?
L'imposant dossier documentaire proposé ici a pour objectif de fournir au lecteur un ensemble d'informations sur les villes nouvelles : textes fondateurs, bases de données (population, construction, etc.), cartes et photographies. Il permet d'accéder à des documents sur les villes nouvelles en général, mais aussi sur chaque ville nouvelle en particulier.
Cet dossier n'est pas le fruit du programme d'histoire et d'évaluation des villes nouvelles, mais il aidera les chercheurs amenés à s'intéresser au programme.
Il est le résultat d'un long travail collectif, piloté par le centre de documentation sur l'urbanisme (CDU) et le secrétariat général des grandes opérations d'urbanisme (SGGOU), au ministère de l'Equipement, des Transports et du Logement.

 

Banco Mundial 

The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the common sense. We are made up of two unique development institutions owned by 186 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).
Each institution plays a different but collaborative role to advance the vision of an inclusive and sustainable globalization. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credits and grants to developing countries for a wide array of purposes that include investments in education, health, public administration, infrastructure, financial and private sector development, agriculture, and environmental and natural resource management.

 

 (UN-HABITAT) United Nations Human Settlements Programme 

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT, is the United Nations agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.
Towns and cities are growing today at unprecedented rates setting the social, political, cultural and environmental trends of the world, both good and bad. In 1950, one-third of the world's people lived in cities. Just 50 years later, this rose to one-half and will continue to grow to two-thirds, or 6 billion people, by 2050. Cities are now home to half of humankind.
Cities are the hubs of much national production and consumption - economic and social processes that generate wealth and opportunity. But they also create disease, crime, pollution, poverty and social unrest. In many cities, especially in developing countries, slum dwellers number more than 50 per cent of the population and have little or no access to shelter, water, and sanitation, education or health services. It is essential that policy makers understand the power of the city as a catalyst for national development. Sustainable urbanisation is one of the most pressing challenges facing the global community in the 21st century.
UN-HABITAT's programmes are designed to help policy-makers and local communities get to grips with the human settlements and urban issues and find workable, lasting solutions. The organization's mandate is outlined in the Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements, Habitat Agenda, Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements, theDeclaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium, andResolution 56/206. UN-HABITAT's work is directly related to the United Nations Millennium Declaration, particularly the goals of member States to improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by the year 2020, Target 11, Millennium Development Goal No. 7, and Target 10 which calls for the reduction by half of the number without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
UN-HABITAT's strategic vision is anchored in a four-pillar strategy aimed at attaining the goal of Cities without Slums. This strategy consists of advocacy of global norms, analysis of information, field-testing of solutions and financing. These fall under the four core functions assigned to the agency by world governments - monitoring and research, policy development, capacity building and financing for housing and urban development.

 

 Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento 

O BID é a principal fonte de financiamento multilateral em 26 países da América Latina e do Caribe, e foi estabelecido em 1959 para apoiar o processo de desenvolvimento econômico e social da região.
O BID concede empréstimos e faz operações de cooperação técnica não-reembolsáveis. Com uma classificação creditícia triplo A, o Banco levanta recursos no mercado internacional com taxas de mercado favoráveis, possibilitando ao banco emprestar recursos a custos competitivos. Por isso, o BID pode estruturar empréstimos com taxas de juros competitivas para seus clientes nos países mutuários.
Além disso, o BID oferece soluções para problemas de desenvolvimento ao atuar em parceria com governos, empresas e organizações da sociedade civil para chegar aos seus clientes, cuja lista inclui desde governos centrais a autoridades municipais e empresas.
O Banco também oferece pesquisas, assessoria e assistência técnica para apoiar áreas vitais como educação, redução da pobreza e agricultura. Ademais, o Banco procura assumir um papel de liderança em questões transnacionais, como comércio, infra-estrutura e energia.
A fim de assegurar a responsabilidade, transparência e a efetividade de suas ações, o BID possui o Escritório de Avaliação e Supervisão (OVE), o Escritório de Integridade Institucional (OII) e o Mecanismo de Investigação Independente (IIM) para garantir que os projetos do Banco tenham supervisão suficiente.

 

 Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente (APA) 

O Portal da Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente (APA) reúne informação actualizada sobre as actividades desenvolvidas no quadro das atribuições e competências que lhe estão cometidas. O Portal visa, também, disponibilizar um conjunto de serviços on-line, designadamente no quadro das medidas SIMPLEX implementadas, visando facilitar os contactos com a APA de todos os interessados que requeiram esses serviços. 
A versão disponível está em actualização diária, pelo que sugiro que nos visite frequentemente. Pretende-se que este Portal constitua um instrumento eficaz de comunicação com a APA e, simultaneamente, uma fonte de informação útil para todos os interessados nas políticas de ambiente.
Desde já agradeço todas as críticas e sugestões, que serão acolhidas com vista à melhoria contínua dos serviços prestados e dos conteúdos disponibilizados.
O Portal cumpre os requisitos de acessibilidade estabelecidos.